There are many different ways to brew, but we thought we would start by giving some tips on brewing with a method that most people have access to at home and use daily - an electric coffee-maker.
Benefits: very flexible, does not need so many tools and is able to brew many cups at a time.
Cons: not as much control as hand-brewing, you cannot set the temperature with most coffee-makers, but should be between 92 and 96 ° c. Many coffee makers also have a tendency to just shower out water in the middle of the coffee bed (which contributes to a hole / pit that you can see after brewing) where the coffee has then been over-extracted, creating bitter tones. At the same time as the coffee on the sides, the closest to the filter is not fully brewed and can give under-extracted tones, ie sour and flat. In other words, brewing very unevenly.
Do not panic, this can be easily counteracted by shaking the filter holder lightly and stirring gently with a spoon during brewing, which we explain a little further down.
Equipment that is good ot have besides your coffee-maker, to get the best our of your coffee:
- Scale to measure water and coffee (works fine with a regular kitchen scale).
- 30 grams coffee beans of good quality
- Coffee grinder, grinding your coffee just before brewing makes a very big difference in the result, the coffee loses about 60% of its aromas already after 15 minutes after being ground. A grinder also gives you plenty of leeway as you can adjust the grinding and get more or less of certain flavors.
- Spoon, to gently mix the coffee and water during brewing gives a smoother extraction.
Here we go!
When we start brewing a new coffee, we use as a standard recipe: 1 part coffee to 16 parts water (this can of course be adjusted to one's own taste preferences, but a good start).
30 grams of coffee to 480 grams of water gives a fair amount to 2 people.
1.Start by rinsing the coffee filter thoroughly under running water, preferably boiling but also works with hot running water directly from the tap, thus rinsing the filter from unwanted paper flavors.
Many coffee makers also have a lot of water left in their system from the previous brew, which you can get out by brewing some water through and in this way also soaking the filter.
2.Measure out 30 grams of coffee beans and grind them medium finely (ie a little coarser than a normal pre-ground coffee you buy in the store).
3.Measure out 480 grams of fresh water and pour it into the coffee maker's tank.Or up to level 4 on a Moccamaster which is equivalent to almost 480 grams of water.
4.Pour your freshly ground coffee into the soaked filter. Shake the filter holder a little to even out the coffee bed
5.Then turn on the coffee maker
6.Mix coffee and water with a spoon.
Our goal now is to get as much of the coffee as possible in the brewing itself so get ready with a spoon and when about as much hot water has covered the coffee as there is coffee in the filter, you can start stirring a little gently with the spoon and mix the coffee and the water. Try to be consistent in your movement pattern and how much you move around with the spoons, should not take longer than 10seconds.
7. Lightly shake the filter holder. Finish the brewing by shaking the filter holder a little lightly to even out the coffee bed, this way you get the water to flow evenly through all the coffee.
8.Turn off the coffee maker. When all the water has been emptied from the tank and it has stopped flowing, you can switch off your coffee maker, as the hotplate under the jug does not improve the taste of your freshly brewed coffee and the coffee should be enjoyed immediately.
9. The coffee bed should be flat as in the picture below when the brewing is finished, then you know that all the water you have poured on has flowed through the entire coffee bed and hopefully achieved an even extraction.
10, Now enjoy your coffee, but also take the opportunity to evaluate what you have in your cup.
- If the coffee is too strong and bitter, try pouring some water directly into your cup. Did it get better? Next time, brew with a little more water. Does it still taste bitter? Try grinding something coarser for next time.
- Doesn't it taste so much and is too tart? Try grinding something finer for next time or reduce the coffee/water ratio.
Don't forget that you should only change one parameter at a time when you make a change to the next brew to know what made a difference to the end result. We recommend always starting by changing the grinding rate.
An older coffee can sometimes feel a little flat and should be ground slightly finer as it has lost a lot of carbon dioxide and thus runs through faster. While a freshly roasted coffee can also feel flat and should be expected to be drunk for a few days or a week when it contains too much carbon dioxide which makes it difficult for the water to get to each individual coffee particle If, like us, you have difficulty waiting, you can grind them freshly roasted beans and wait a few minutes before brewing for some of all the carbon dioxide to subside.
- Paper and pen, as a fun thing, it can be good to write up how you brewed, i.e. what degree of grinding, water to coffee ratio, how was the result and what flavors and aromas did you feel. This makes it easier to change your parameters to the next time you brew while improving your taste stores.
But most importantly , have fun and enjoy.